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Cacti and Succulents

Morphology of Cacti - Subfamily Cactoideae, Tribe - Calymmantheae R. S.Wallace 2001

Habit Shrubby or treelike (Anderson 2001). Stems Columnar, segmented, ribbed and winglike, somewhat tuberculate. Leaves Absent Areoles Very evident Flower With receptacle tubes partially covering the perianth while in bud;
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Morphology of Cacti - Subfamily Cactoideae

Habit Highly variable in habit, treelike, shrubby, cylinderical (Ramawat 2010), caespitose, climbing or epiphytic. Stems Usually not segmented, globose to columnar, ribbed...
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Morphology of Cacti - Subfamily Opuntioideae K. Schumann 1898

Habit Variable in habit i.e. treelike, shrub like (Anderson 2001 and Ramawat 2010) or caespitose Stems Usually segmented into distinct joints or...
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Morphology of Cacti - Subfamily Maihuenioideae

Habit Shrub like as short cushons (Anderson 2001, Ramawat 2010) i.e. caespitose. Stems Succulent, short cylindrical to globose Leaves Small, terete, persistent Areoles Present Flower Terminal, solitary. Fruits Somewhat fleshy, with small scales Seeds Almost round,...
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Morphology of Cacti - Subfamily Pereskioideae

Habit Plants treelike, shrublike, or climbing, Stems Round in cross section, not ribbed or tuberculate Leaves Flattened, photosynthetic leaves as in Pereskia diazromeroana and...
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Morphology of Cacti - Roots

Cactus plants have an extensively complicated and big root system which enables it to absorb water from the soil. The commonly very shallow and widely...
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Morphology of Cacti – Flowers – The Reproductive System

The flowers are usually large, solitary, and colorful, with numerous segments showing a gradual transition from bracts to sepals to petals, and each flower bisexual...
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Morphology of Cacti - Leaves

Majority of the cacti lack typical green leaves which are capable of photosynthesis. Mistakenly, understanding the large, flattened pads of prickly pears, Opuntia quimilo, for...
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Morphology of Cacti – Spines

Spines are most characteristic features of most cacti which arise from the areoles. Many of experts agree that they are spines, which are modified leaves,...
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Morphology of Cacti – Areoles

The Cactaceae family is characterized by the presence of stems bearing specialized axillary or lateral bud or short-shoots or branch termed areoles, which usually develop...
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