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Morphology of Cacti - Subfamily Cactoideae, Tribe – Hylocereeae

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Habit

Climbing or epiphytic shrubs (Anderson 2001).

Stems

Flattened or with few ribs; reproductive zones undifferentiated

Leaves

Not evident

Areoles

 

Flower

Borne laterally, medium to large, often nocturnal but sometimes diurnal; pericarpel areoles naked, spiny, bristly, or hairy

Fruits

Fleshy, indehiscent.

Seeds

Medium to large, hilum and micropyle fused, with a mucilage sheath covering the entire seed

Glochids

Absent

Spines

 

Roots

Fibrous or tuberous roots; Adventitious - arial roots

Metabolism

CAM - Crassulacean acid metabolism (Anderson 2001).

Neoteny or paedomorphosis

Absent

Distribution

Tropical forests of Central America

  

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