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Independence Day of India

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Independence Day of India

Every country has its divided history into periods. Some of the genius peoples turned to some particular pursuit. They devote themselves to certain causes and labour to do determined results. This spirit of age changes and the historical facts changed to a different character. In this way ‘a period of history’ arises. India has a long and vast history of business invaders since mid of 18th century and plundered the India.

Different Raja, Maharaja and Mughal Samrats ruled India in their respective territories for a very long period. All of those were fighting for expansion of their territories. In 16th century A.D. East India Company came in India to expand their business which later on started political interference among these territorial empires. After the British victory in the battle of Plassey in 1757, the rule of East India Company came into existence in India. After that they plundered the India and suppressed the Indians. By the 1858 Britishers conquered the majority of empires of different territorial emperors. Now, all the emperors were under the control of them. And after that, they exploited the India with full potential due which the people were in worst conditions just like in a hell. Milestone movements like the Quit India Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, Khilafat Movement and Gandhi's Dandi March brought the in evitable freedom closer.

After 1st World War many patriots came forward in the fire of hell and martyred in British rule. During 2nd world war there were fires of hell all around in India against the British rule. Suppressed people everywhere, bound by the chains of colonialism, and were urged, not so long ago, to participate in the struggle against Nazism in order to free humanity from tyranny. Immediately after the defeat of Nazism, many nations in Asia gained their political independence. After nearly two centuries of enslavement, India and Pakistan were among the principal states in our Asian continent to become free in that sense. This partition was a painful reality and so was the bloodshed that accompanied it.

At the mid-night of 15th August 1947, India came into independent existence governed by self peoples i.e. by the speech of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. Now, every year the Independence Day is celebrated by all Indians. The 15th August observed as a holiday all over the country to celebrate the day.

This long moment ended three centuries of British colonial rule. Independence was also the end of nearly a century of struggle for freedom, battles, betrayals and sacrifices. It also marks the coming together of more than 400 princely states into one nation - India. This was probably our biggest diplomatic success. Independence Day, beginning as a day to commemorate the greatest moment in Indian history, has now come to signify a feeling of nationalism, solidarity and celebration.

The day is celebrated with flag hoisting ceremonies and cultural programs in the state capitals. The Prime Minister's speech at the Red Fort in Delhi is the major highlight.

In all the cities around the country the Flag Hoisting Ceremony is done by politicians, belonging to their constituency. In various local organisations the Flag Hoisting Ceremony is carried out by a senior officer of that organisation. The people stand up to recite National Anthem.

Meaning of National Anthem of India is as under

Jana               = People

Gana              = Group

Mana              = Mind

Adhinayaka  = Leader

Jaia He          = Victory

Bharata          = India

Bhagya          = Destiny

Vidhat            = Disposer

Punjaba         = Punjab (a state in India)

Sindh             = Indus (a province in India)

Gujarata         = Gujarat (a state in India)

Maratha         = Marathi (a state, Maharashtra in India)

Dravida          = South (South India)

Utkala             = Orissa (a state in India)

Banga            = Bengal (a state in India)

Vindhya         = Vindhyas (a mountain in Central India)

Himachal       = Himalaya (a mountain in northern India)

Yamuna         = Yamuna (a river in India)

Ganga            = Ganges (a river in India)

Uchchhala     = Moving

Jaladhi           = Ocean

Taranga         = Waves

Tava               = Your

Shubh            = Auspicious

Naame           = name

Jage               = Awaken

Tava               = Your

Shubha         = Auspicious

Aashisha       = Blessings

Maage            = Ask

Gaahe            = Sing

Tava               = Your

Jaia                 = Victory

Gatha             = Song

Jana               = People

Gana              = Group

Mangala        = Fortune

Dayaka          = Giver

Jai He             = Victory Be

Bharat            = India

Bhagy            = Destiny

Vidhata          = Dispenser

Jai He, Jai He, Jai He, Jai, Jai, Jai, Jai He = Victory, Victory, Victory, Victory Forever...

This National Anthem of India represents the India as a whole.

The National Anthem of India was composed by Rabindra Nath Tagore and was adopted by constituent assembly on 24 January 1950, first sung on 27 December 1911 at Calcutta session of Indian National Congress.

On Television, various Independence related programs are telecasted, reminding us of the hard times faced by the freedom fighters. In almost all the schools and colleges around the country, no academic work in d one on this day, but all the students and staff members are present on this day and there is a sort of gathering of the entire school/college within their respective premises and the flag hoisting ceremony takes place, (usually in the presence of the principal) and singing of the National Anthem. After this there are various cultural activities held in the school / college and the celebration continues till late evening. The basic aim of Independence Day is to spread the message of patriotism and unity all over the country.

Mr. Pingali Venkayya is an unlisted freedom fighter of India who designed the tricolor Indian flag was born on 2nd August 1876 and on 4th July 1963 died in obscurity, unsung by the people of his nation. He designed the flag in 1921 approved by Mahatma Gandhi but was accepted in 1931 by All India Congress Committee, met in Karachi.


The Independence Day in Pakistan is celebrated on 14th August as fell on pious day of Ramzan in 1948 which otherwise declared on 15th of August by Mohammad Ali Jinah, the founder and Governor-General of Pakistan in 1947. 

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