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Plateau Yak of Qinghai, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Yak

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Country: China

Home tract: Zaduo, Zhiduo and Quma of Yushu Zang Tibet autonomous prefecture in Qinghai Province, Maduo county of Guoluo Zang Tibet autonomous prefecture, Tianjun county in Ge’ermu city of Kazakstan autonomous prefecture and the Qilian county of Haibei autonomous prefecture.

Genes of wild yak are mixed into this breed, so which get some characteristics of the wild yaks

Morphological Characters

Body: Compact, tall, large, fine constitution. It looks similar to the wild yak in body conformation.

Body coat: Black and brown hair covers 71.8% of the whole body. The wither is high long and wide. Short hair of white or staining white in colour covers over lip, eye pit and back.

Skin: Soft and deep

Head: Big; the head of female yak is long with broad forehead

Horns: Wide, in females broader

Quarters: Well developed forequarters, the hindquarters are not good as the fore ones

Udder: Relatively like bowl and dish, nipples are short

Morphometric characters

Body weight: Adult male: 443.4 Kg, Adult female: 256.4 kg

Height at withers: Adult male: 129.2 cm, Adult female: 110.9 cm

Reproductive traits

Age at sexual maturity: Male 2 years, female 2.0-2.5 years

Production traits

Daily milk yield: 1.38-1.70 kg

Milk yield per lactation: 274 kg

Lactation length: 150 days

Dressing percentage: 53%

Meat percentage: 42.5

Fleece: Adults annual fleece weight is about 1.17-2.62 kg. Half of them have coarse wool and the half have fine wool. The diameter of coarse wool is about 64.8-72.9µ. The diameter of both types of fair is about 38.4-39µ, diameter of fluff is about 16.8-20.3µ. Length of coarse is about 18.3-34 centimeter, length of fine wool is about 4.7-5.5 centimeter.

Carrying capacity: 50-100 kg; the maximal capacity is 304 kilogram

Reference

  1. Beijing, “Report on Domestic Animal Genetic Resources in China,” June 2003 [Web Reference]
  2. Wiener G., Jianlin H. and Ruijun L., 2003, “The Yak,” FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, p. 20. [Web Reference]
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