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Pali Yak

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Country: China

Home tract: Pali town in Yadong county of Rigeze region in Tibet autonomous prefeture

Morphological Characters

Body: Rectangular, strong and well-developed

Body coat: Black is the dominant body colour (87%); the rest are spotted black (11%) and brown (2%). Deep brown, yellow-brown and black and white may also be found usually.  However, few in pure white are found.

Head: Short

Forehead: Wide

Eyes: Small

Face: With small nose

Mouth: Big round with thin lips

Muzzle: Broad

Neck: Short, thick, strong

Chest: Deep wide chest and large heart girth

Quarters: High and wide withers

Belly: Larger

Back: Flat straight

Loin: Flat straight

Rump: Not fleshy but compact rump

Limbs: Short, strong legs with small solid feet.

Morphometric characters

Body weight: Adult male: 288 Kg, Adult female: 217 kg

Height at withers: Adult male: 111 cm, Adult female: 109 cm

Body length: Adult male: 123 cm, Adult female: 121 cm

Heart girth: Adult male: 155 cm, Adult female: 152 cm

Reproductive traits

Breeding age: 3½ years

Calving interval: One parity every two years is common

Production traits

Daily milk yield: 1.6 kg

Milk yield per lactation: 199.8 kg

Lactation length: 180 days

Dressing percentage: 51.6%

Fleece weight: 0.6 kg

Ghee production: 12.5-15.0 kg


  1. Beijing, “Report on Domestic Animal Genetic Resources in China,” June 2003 [Web Reference]
  2. Dong S., Long R. and Kang M., 2007, “Milking performance of China yak (Bos grunniens): A preliminary report,” African Journal of Agricultural Research; 2(3):052-057. [Web Reference]
  3. Wiener G., Jianlin H. and Ruijun L., 2003, “The Yak,” FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, p. 20. [Web Reference]
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