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Uzemching Sheep

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Category: fat-tailed type, meat, wool

Country: Mongolia

Home tract: Erdene and Zagaang districts of Sukh-Batar province

Morphological characteristics

Body: Compact

Body coat: The colour of the body is white. The head is mostly black or brown and the hocks and knees of some animals have black spots.

Horns: Males have long, curved horns that spiral outward, while ewes are hornless

Neck: Thick, strong, broader at the base and well set at the thorax

Shoulders: Straight, fleshy

Quarters: Well developed

Tail: Fat tail, thick, broader at the base and reaching down to the hocks

Back: Back: Straight, long

Belly: Slightly pendulous, covered with scanty wool

Legs: Medium sized and covered with short, coarse wool

Morphometric traits

Body weight: Birth weight – male 3.8 kg, female – 3.5 kg; Adult male – 73 kg, female – 56 kg

Body length: Adult males: 78 cm; Adult females: 72 cm

Height at withers: Adult males: 70.0 cm; Adult females: 64.8 cm

Chest girth: Adult males: 101 cm; Adult females: 91 cm

Tail: 26 cm long and 32 cm wide in the male, and 22 cm long and 25 cm wide in the female

Reproductive traits

Age at first breeding: 18 months

Litter size: Single

Production traits

Greasy fleece: Male 1.1-1.7 kg, female 1.0-1.3 kg per annum;

Fibre length: 8-12 cm

Dressing percentage: 48.9%

Weight of fat tail: 3-6 kg

Remarks: The meat quality is very good and juicy


  1. Batsukh G. and Zagdsuren E., 1991, “Sheep breeds of Mongolia,” World Animal Review 68(3): 11-25. [Web Reference]
  2. Mongolian Livestock - Uzemching breed, [Web Reference]
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