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Zhongdian Horse

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Country: China

Home tract: Zhongdian County, Yunnan Province. Dazzhongdian, Xiaozhongdian, Gezhan, Niru County, Yunnan Province

Morphological Characters

Body: Belongs to Tibet horse family; small body size, firm type

Body coat: Long hairs and long black spreading outwards and upwards. Most have black coats; others are black and white, or black with white spots on the forehead, legs and tail.

Head: Weighty, concave profile

Forehead: Wide

Eyes: Large protruding

Back: Flat, straight

Waist: Flat

Chest: Deep

Tail: Short

Legs: With large feet

Mophometric traits

Body weight: Male 235 kg, female 193 kg

Body length: Male 121.3 cm, female 124.2 cm

Body height at withers: Male 119.6 cm, female 117.2 cm

Chest girth: Male 138.7 cm, female 138.9 cm

Cannon circumferences: Male 15.2 cm, female 14.7 cm

Reproductive traits

Mating age: 4-5 years

Reproductive rate: 91.66%

Reproductive survival rate: 87%

Performance traits

Packing ability power: 60 kg

It can walk concatenation for 5 months with 30 km per day

Speed: 1 minute 40.5 seconds per 1.0 km

Remarks: Vigorous and beefy


  1. Beijing, “Report on Domestic Animal Genetic Resources in China,” June 2003 [Web Reference]
  2. Hendricks B.L., 2007, “International encyclopedia of horse breeds,” University of Oklahoma Press; p. 418.
  3. Porter V., et al., 2016, “Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding,” 2 Volume Pack. Cabi; p. 992-993.
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