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Yanqi Horse

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Country: China

Home tract: Hewing, Heshuo, Yanqi and Bohu County, Mongolia Autonomous Prefecture of Beyinguoleng, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. It has Close relationship with Mongolia horse. There are two types of Yanqi horses known as Basin and Mountain horses.

Morphological Characters

Body: Medium in height; the Basin type is light; Mountain type tends to be coarser.

Body coat: Bay, chestnut, black are the most common colours

Head: Long, dry with straight profile; some of the animals have "rabbit like" convex slope near the nostrils.

Withers: Moderate in length

Jaws: Wide

Eyes: Large and well opened

Neck: Medium in length,; straight

Lion: Long and sometimes convex with poor connection to croup

Back: Long, straight but somewhat narrow

Withers: Long

Chest: Moderately wide and deep; well sprung ribs

Mophometric traits

Body length: Male 144.9 cm, female 141.5 cm

Body height at withers: Male 142.4 cm, female 135.2 cm

Chest girth: Male 168.7 cm, female 161.4 cm

Cannon circumferences: Male 19.5 cm, female 17.7 cm

Reproductive traits

Mating age: male 3 years, female 4 years

Conception rate: 53.5%

Performance traits

Speed: 1 minute 23 seconds per 1.0 km for riding; 2 hours 48 minutes per 50 km for riding.

The maximum draft power: 400 kg

Carrying capacity of single horse: 1600 kg

It can produce 4.36 kg milk per day. The milk production on the 90-day is 392.4 kg

Dressing percentage: 45.7%

Uses: The breed is suitable for riding. Mainly used for plowing in fields and transport but also ridden a great deal


  1. Beijing, “Report on Domestic Animal Genetic Resources in China,” June 2003 [Web Reference]
  2. Equinest, “Yanqi Horse,” The Equinest: 100% Horse Crap [Web Reference]
  3. Hendricks B.L., 2007, International encyclopedia of horse breeds University of Oklahoma Press; p. 444.
  4. Porter V., et al., 2016, “Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding,” 2 Volume Pack. Cabi; p. 453.
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