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Vanaraja Chicken

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Class: Asiatic

Country: India

Home Tract: Vanraja is a crossbred breed of chicken in India. Vanaraja male line is a red coloured meat type breed and was developed from a strain (IC-3) of Red Cornish breed.

Vanaraja female line has been developed from a coloured synthetic broiler control and is being selected for egg production to 40 weeks of age for the last eight generations.

Morphological characters

Morphometric traits

Body weight: Cock 2.44-2.80 kg, hen 1.76 kg

Reproductive Traits

Age at first egg: 164-178 days

Fertility rate: 90-95%

Hatchability on total egg production: 82-87%

Broodiness: Broodiness is absent in Vanaraja, however. Vanaraja chicks can be hatched out from fertile eggs from Vanaraja bird by brooding the eggs with Desi hen.

Production traits

Egg shell colour: Tinted

Annual egg production (numbers): 150-171

Weight of an egg: 51 grams

Dressing percentage: 72%

Food conversion ratio: 2.62

Rearing system: They can thrive well under backyard system of management.

Utility: These are used both for meat as well as egg production.

References

  1. KIRAN, “Species/Breeds/Varieties of poultry present in the Institutional Poultry farm, ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya,” Knowledge Innovation Repository of Agriculture in North East, India [Web Reference]
  2. Chatterjee R.N., Niranjan M., Sharma R.P., Dange M. And Bhattacharya T.K., 2010, “Estimation of genetic heterogeneity of chicken germplasm being used for development of rural varieties utilizing DNA markers,” Journal of Genetics, Vol. 89 (2010): e33-e37.
  3. Haunshi S., et al., 2009, “Production performance of indigenous chicken of northeastern region and improved varieties developed for backyard farming,” Indian Journal of Animal Sciences; 79(9): 901-905. [Web Reference]
  4. Swain B.K. and Nirmale A.V., 2005, “VANARAJA: A Dual Purpose Bird for Backyard farming,” Institution Village Linkage Programme (NATP), Technical Bulletein No. 8, Published by ICAR, Ela, Old Goa – India. [Web Reference]
  5. Rama Rao S.V., Praharaj N.K., Reddy M.R., Shyam Sunder G., Ayyagar V., “Vanaraja - A Prospective Dual Purpose Bird for Rural and Tribal Areas,” Project Directorate on Poultry, Hyderabad [Web Reference]
  6. Pathak P.K. and Nath B.G., 2013, “Rural poultry farming with improved breed of backyard chicken,” Journal of World Poultry Research; 3: 24-27. [Web Reference]
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