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Xiaoshan Chicken, Yue

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Country: China

Home Tract: Xiaoshan County, Zhejiang Province

Morphological characters

Body: Large body size with round and square shape

Body Plumage: Closed plumage; the surface plumage throughout has two types: red and yellow for male; yellow for female

Head: High

Combs: Red up-right single

Beard: Yellow in female

Tail: With a high angle

Limbs/Shanks: Yellow in female

Morphometric traits

Body weight: Day old chicks 38.5 gm; Cock 2.758 kg, hen 1.940 kg

Reproductive Traits

Age at first egg: 185.4 days

Production traits

Egg shell colour: Brown

Annual egg production (numbers): 132.5

Weight of an egg: 56 grams

Egg shape index: 1.39

Half evisceration rate: At 150 days is 84.7% for male, and 85.6% for female, respectively. Evisceration rate at 150 days is 76.5% for male and 66.0% for female, respectively.

References

Bao W.B., et al., 2009, Genetic diversity and relationship between genetic distance and geographical distance in 14 Chinese indigenous chicken breeds and red jungle fowl,” Czech Journal of Animal Science; 54(2): 74-83. [Web Reference]

Chen G., et al., 2008, Assessment of population structure and genetic diversity of 15 Chinese indigenous chicken breeds using microsatellite markers, Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences; 21(3): 331-339. [Web Reference]

Jia Y., 2004, “Report on domestic animal genetic resources in China,” China Agriculture Press. [Web Reference]

Li H.F., et al., 2009, “Analysis of genetic structure and relationship among nine indigenous Chinese chicken populations by the Structure program,” Journal of Genetics, 88(2): 197-203. [Web Reference]

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