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Tibetan Chicken, Yunnan baxi

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Country: China

Home Tract: Shannan, Lhasa, Qamdo, Xigaze, Nagqu and Ngari Prefecture, Tibet Autonomy Region; border areas of Yunnan, Guizhou and Sichuan Provinces

Morphological characters

Body: low and small body size, well-muscled breast, slight bone, symmetry body structure, more active and vulnerable, be good at flying.

Body Plumage: In cocks bright red feather expect that primary, secondary, main tail feather and larger sickle are bright black. The length of cock’s sickle is about 40-60 cm. The hen’s feather is more variable than cock’s feather.

Combs: Most combs are red single comb and some are pea combs. In cocks larger and single U-right serrated comb with 4-6 point. In hen small single red comb drooping slightly to one side

Wattles: Red

Ear lobe colour: White in hen

Beak: Black

Limbs/Shanks: Black or white in hen

Morphometric traits

Body weight: Day-old chick 23 gm, Adult cock 1.145 kg, hen 0.860 kg

Production traits

Egg shell colour: Brown

Annual egg production (numbers): 40-80

Weight of an egg: 33.92 grams

Egg shape index: 1.26

Half evisceration rate: 79.89-84.87% for adult male and 71.43-77.97% for female

Evisceration rate: 72.17-78.91% for male and 68.25-70.34% for female


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Jia Y., 2004, “Report on domestic animal genetic resources in China,” China Agriculture Press. [Web Reference]

Li H.F., et al., 2009, “Analysis of genetic structure and relationship among nine indigenous Chinese chicken populations by the Structure program,” Journal of Genetics, 88(2): 197-203. [Web Reference]

Tian M., et al., 2013, “Copy number variants in locally raised Chinese chicken genomes determined using array comparative genomic hybridization,” BMC Genomics; 14(1): 1. [Web Reference]

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