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Silkies Chicken, Taihe, Wushan, Bairiong, Zhusi

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Country: China

Home Tract: Taihe County, Jiangxi Province; Quanzhou and Xiamen Cities, Fujian Province and southern part of Fujian

Morphological characters

Body: Small body shape; Compact body structure

Body Plumage: Silky: the surface plumage throughout is silky except of wing feather; short tail feather

Skin colour: Black

Head: Tassel head: crest on the top of the head, especially for hen, hen with more crests.

Combs: Purple comb: strawberry comb; dark purple before sex mature, like mulberry; purple with red after sex mature


Ears: Green ears: greenish ear before sex mature; gradually become dark purple ear after sex mature

Eyes: Black

Face: Black

Beard: The hen has more long and slight beard on the face and mandible

Beak: Black

Neck: Short

Limbs/Shanks: Short, black, shank without feather

Toes: Black; the foot has 5 toes; fourth-toe without feather

Feet: feathered-feet

Muscles: Black

Bone marrow: Black, dark bone membrane

Morphometric traits

Body weight: Day-old chick 26.6-31.0 gm, Adult cock 1.810 kg, hen 1.660 kg

Reproductive Traits

Age at first egg: 205 days

Production traits

Egg shell colour: Brown and few are hoar

Annual egg production (numbers): 120-150

Weight of an egg: 37.56-46.85 grams

Egg shape index: 1.34-1.36

Half evisceration rate: 88.35% for male, 84.18% for female

Evisceration rate: 75.86% for male, 69.5% for female


Bao W.B., et al., 2009, Genetic diversity and relationship between genetic distance and geographical distance in 14 Chinese indigenous chicken breeds and red jungle fowl,” Czech Journal of Animal Science; 54(2): 74-83. [Web Reference]

Jia Y., 2004, “Report on domestic animal genetic resources in China,” China Agriculture Press. [Web Reference]

Tian M., et al., 2013, “Copy number variants in locally raised Chinese chicken genomes determined using array comparative genomic hybridization,” BMC Genomics; 14(1): 1. [Web Reference]

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