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Nixi Chicken, Nissi

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Country: China

Home Tract: Zhongdian County, Yunnan Province.

Morphological characters

Body: Small sized

Body Plumage: Compact plumage. Tail feather develop and hold up. Majority of male surface colour are bright red, white or black-white. Surface colour is complex for female, which have black, white, yellow-pocked.

Skin colour: White

Combs: Red single comb. Large comb for male is thick and upright. Female comb is thin.

Limbs/Shanks: No shank feather

Morphometric traits

Body weight: Birth weight 31.7 gm, Cock 1.4 kg, hen 1.2 kg

Reproductive Traits

Age at first egg: 6-7 month

Production traits

Egg shell colour: White and minority is beige

Annual egg production (numbers): 150-180

Weight of an egg: 47.8 grams

Egg shape index: 1.34

Half evisceration rate: At adult is 76.39% for male and 70.58% for female

Evisceration rate: At adult is 69.94% for male and 64.30% for female

Remarks: Indonesia chickens lively temperament, can fly good run, resistance to crude feed, foraging ability, laying more fresh meat, unique flavour and other characteristics, especially the cold, hypoxia, can adapt to the harsh natural environment and local ecological conditions, the development of improved varieties of resources in high altitude alpine region's poultry industry. However, the slow-growing breed of chicken, the nest is strong, the future should strengthen resource conservation and breeding of this, to carry out research on the genetic characteristics of Nixi Chicken, special characters forming mechanism, the rational exploitation of resources Indonesia chicken breeds.

References

Huo J.L., et al., 2014, “Genetic diversity of local Yunnan chicken breeds and their relationships with Red Junglefowl,” Genetics and Molecular Research; 13(2): 3371-3383. [Web Reference]

Jia Y., 2004, “Report on domestic animal genetic resources in China,” China Agriculture Press. [Web Reference]

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