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Herbal Plants

Azadirachta indica, Antelaea azadirachta, Melia azadirachta

Vernacular name: State Tree of Andhra Pradesh Assamese: Neem Bengali: Neem English: Indian Lilac, Margosa, Neem, Sacred Tree, Heal all Gujarati: Dhanujhada, Limba, Limdo Hindi: Neem Kannada: Turakabevu, Bevu Malayalam: Ariyaveppu Manipuri: Neem Marathi:
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Aquilaria malaccensis, Aquilaria agallocha, Aquilaria secundaria

Vernacular name: State Tree of Tripura Assamese: Sasi Bengali: Agar, Agaru English: Agarwood, Malayan Aloe Wood, Malayan Eagle Wood Sanskrit: Agaru Taxonomic Hierarchy Kingdom: Plantae – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants Subkingdom: Viridiplantae Infrakingdom:...
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Alstonia scholaris, Echites scholaris

Vernacular name: State Tree of West Bengal Bengali: Chattim English: Blackboard Tree, Indian Devil tree, Milk Wood tree, Scholar Tree, Dita bark, White geese wood Hindi: Chatian, Saptaparni,...
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Alnus nepalensis

Vernacular name: State Tree of Nagaland Angami: Rupo English: Himalayan alder, Indian Alder, Nepal Alder Hindi: Utis Mizo: Alnas Nepali: Utis, Boshiswa Taxonomic Hierarchy Kingdom: Plantae – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants Subkingdom: Viridiplantae Infrakingdom:...
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Aegle marmelos, Crateva marmelos

Vernacular name: State Tree of Puducherry Assamese: Bael, Bel Bengali: Bel English: Bael, Beli fruit, Bengal quince, Golden apple, Indian bael, Stone apple, Wood apple Gujarati: Bili Hindi: Bael, Bel Kannada:...
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Saussurea obvallata

The Brahma Kamal, the much revered flower of the Himalayas, is an excellent example of plant life at the upper limit of high mountains. Brahma...
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Couroupita guianensis Aubl.

The magnificent flowers (known as Nagalingam) have attracted the people religiously in India because the staminal sheath resembles the hood of the King cobra (Naga),...
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Mangifera indica L.

It is a matter of astonishment to many that the delicious mango, one of the most celebrated of Indian fruits, is a member of the...
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Lagerstroemia hypoleuca Kurz

Vernacular name: State Flower of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Andaman Pyinma, Jarul, Pabda, Pyinma Taxonomic Hierarchy Kingdom: Plantae – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants Subkingdom: Viridiplantae Infrakingdom: Streptophyta – land plants Superdivision:...
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Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L.

Har singar should not be confused with the West Indian shrub Cestrum nocturnum, also called queen of the night. Nyctanthes arbortristis literally means, night-blooming sad...
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Mesua ferrea L.

Vernacular name: National Tree of Sri Lanka, State Flower of Tripura, State Tree of Mizoram Assamese: Nahor, Nokte English: Ceylon Ironwood, Cobra saffron, Indian Rose Chestnut Hindi: Nag Champa,...
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Dendrobium nobile Lindl.

Noble Dendrobium is the "classic" Indian soft cane Dendrobium. Vernacular name: State flower of Sikkim Chinese: Shi hu lan English: Noble Dendrobium, Noble Orchid Manipuri: Yerum lei Nepali: Sunakhari Taxonomic Hierarchy Kingdom:...
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Tecomella undulata, Tecoma undulata, Bignonia undulata

Vernacular name: State Flower of Rajasthan English: Roheda, Honey Tree, Desert Teak, Marwar Teak Hindi: Roheda, Rohida, Rugtrora Marathi: Rakhtroda, Raktarohida Punjabi: Rohira Sanskrit: Chalachhada, Dadimacchada, Dadimapuspaka, Rohita Sindi: Lohira Urdu: Rohida Taxonomic...
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Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Willd., Saraca indica, Jonesia asoka

Ashoka is one of the sacred trees of Hindus, and is usually associated with Kamadeva, the Hindu God of love. The founder of Buddhism, Gautama...
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Rhododendron arboreum Sm.

One of the most stately and impressive species rhododendrons, Tree Rhododendron is the state tree of Uttarakhand. This plant holds the Guinness Record for World's...
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Renanthera imschootiana Rolfe

Due to destruction of habitat, the population of Red Vanda plant is gradually depleting in the wild and becoming endangered. Vernacular name: State Flower of Manipur English:...
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Paphiopedilum insigne (Wall. ex Lindl.) Pfitzer

Vernacular name: State Flower of Meghalaya English: Lady’s Slipper, Splendid Paphiopedilum Khasi: Tiew Knupmawiang Taxonomic Hierarchy Kingdom: Plantae–plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants Subkingdom: Viridiplantae Infrakingdom: Streptophyta–land plants Superdivision: Embryophyta Division: Tracheophyta–vascular plants, tracheophytes Subdivision: Spermatophytina–spermatophytes,...
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Lilium mackliniae Sealy

Siroi lily is the state flower of Manipur, but has unfortunately become a rare and endangered species in India.  In fact, in Manipur the flower...
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Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers.

A postal stamp was issued by the Indian Postal Department to commemorate this flower. Vernacular name: State Flower of Maharashtra English: Pride of India, Queen Crape Myrtle;...
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Cassia fistula L., Cassia fistulosa

Vernacular name: State flower of Kerala Assam: Amaltes, Honalu, Sonaroo, Sondala Bengali: Sonali, Bandarlati, Amultas English: Amaltas, Golden shower tree, Indian Laburnum, Purging Cassia Gujarati: Garamala, Garmalo Hindi: Amaltas, Amaltes,...
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