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Vitamins

Vitamin Bf

Scientific name: Carnitine Physiological role: Required for transport of fatty acids into the mitochondria References Berdanier C, Dwyer J, Feldman E. Handbook of Nutrition and Food, 2nd edn.
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Vitamin Bc

Scientific name: Folic acid (obsolete name) Active form: Polyglutamyl tetrahydrofolates Physical properties: It is a fluorescent vitamin. The vitamers like Folic acid, Tetrahydrofolate, 10-formyl FH4, 5-formyl FH4,...
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Vitamin B22

Scientific name: Not defined Substance/source: Aloe vera extract Physiological role: Promoted in naturopath book References Clark L. Know Your Nutrition. Chicago, IL: Keats Publishing, 1973. Williams P., 2015, “The missing...
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Vitamin B21

Substance/source: Never used References Williams P., 2015, “The missing vitamin alphabet,” Nutrition & Dietetics [Web Reference]...
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Vitamin B20

Scientific name: Carnitine Substance/source: Trimethylammonium-3-hydoxybutyrobetaine Physiological role: In activated form as acylcarnitine serves as carrier of fatty acids across mitochondrial membranes References Evans H, Lepkovsky S, Murphy E. Vital...
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Vitamin B19

Substance/source: Never used References Williams P., 2015, “The missing vitamin alphabet,” Nutrition & Dietetics [Web Reference]...
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Vitamin B18

Scientific name: Arsenic Substance/source: Essentiality not demonstrated Physiological role: May have Physiological roles in metabolism of methionine and regulation of gene expression References Food and Nutrition Board of the...
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Vitamin B17, Amygdalin

Scientific name: Laetrile Nitriloside In the 1950s, an intravenous form of amygdalin was patented and named laetrile, a naturally-occurring substance found mainly in the pits and...
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Vitamin B16

Scientific name: Dimethylglycine (DMG) Substance/source: Not considered a vitamin. Intermediate in pathway between choline and glycine Physiological role: A dietary supplement Hypovitaminosis: Diabetes development References Evans H, Lepkovsky S, Murphy...
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Vitamin B15

Scientific name: (a) Pangamic acid (b) Not defined Substance/source: (b) Liver extract Physiological role: (a) No proven biological value but reported to enhance oxygen uptake (b) A...
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Vitamin B14

Substance/source: Unidentified crystalline substance from urine Physiological role: Increases bone marrow proliferation in culture and haemopoiesis in rats References Combs Jr. G.F., 2012, “The Vitamins - Fundamental Aspects...
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Vitamin B13

Scientific name: Orotic acid Substance/source: Not considered a vitamin Physiological role: A growth factor in rats References Combs Jr. G.F., 2012, “The Vitamins - Fundamental Aspects in Nutrition and...
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Vitamin B12

Scientific name: Cobalamins Active form: 5′-Deoxyadenosyl-B12; Methyl-B12 Physical properties: It is non-fluorescent, crystalline, water soluble vitamin. Cyanocobalamin, Hydroxyl-cobalamin (B12a), Aquacobalamin (B12b), Nitrocobalamin (B12c), Methylcobalamin and Adenosylcobalamin cobamide...
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Vitamin B11

Substance/source: Later identified as a mixture of folic acid and thiamin Physiological role: A factor for feather growth in chickens References Briggs G, Luckey T, Elvehjem C et...
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Vitamin B10

Substance/source: Believed to be a mixture of folic acid and vitamin B12 Physiological role: A factor for feather growth in chickens References Briggs G, Luckey T, Elvehjem C...
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Vitamin B9

Substance/source: Never assigned. Briggs named B10 in 1943 assuming there were nine B-vitamins References Williams P., 2015, “The missing vitamin alphabet,” Nutrition & Dietetics [Web Reference]...
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Vitamin B7

Scientific name: Carnitine Alternative names: Vitamin I Substance/source: Alcoholic extract of rice Physiological role: Factor that prevented digestive disturbance in pigeons References  Centanni E. The ‘Enteral’ Vitamin I-B7. Regulating digestive...
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Vitamin B8

Scientific name: (a) Inositol (not a vitamin); (b) Biotin Alternative names: Adenylic acid Physiological role: Constituent of phospholipids References The Research Department Nicholas Pty Ltd. Nicholas Vitamins Manual. A...
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Vitamin B6

Scientific name: Pyridoxine Active form: Pyridoxal-5′-phosphate Physical properties: It is water soluble, non-flourescent, crystelline in nature and white is colour. The molecular weight of Pyridoxal HCl, Pyridoxine,...
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Vitamin B5

Scientific name: Probably niacin Physiological role: Unconfirmed growth promoter in pigeons References Carter C.W., Kinnersley H.W. and Peters R.A., 1930, “Maintenance nutrition in the adult pigeon. II,” Biochemical...
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