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Vitamins

Vitamin K1

Scientific name: Phylloquinones Substance/source: Vitamin K active substances produced by plants Physiological role: Coenzymes in blood clotting References McKee R, Binkley S, MacCorquodale D et al. The isolation of
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Vitamin K

Scientific name: Naphthoquinones Active form: K, MK Alternative names: Antihaemorrhagic factor Physical properties: The molecular weights of Vitamin K1, Vitamin K2, Vitamin K2, Vitamin K2 and Vitamin K3...
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Vitamin J

Scientific name: Bioflavonoids Alternative names: Vitamin C2, Vitamin P Substance/source: Fruit extracts Physiological role: A postulated antipneumonia factor References von Euler H, Soder H, Malmberg M. Die wirkung des nahrungsfaktors...
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Vitamin I

Scientific name: Mixture also formerly called vitamin B7 Substance/source: Alcoholic extract of rice Physiological role: Factor that prevented digestive disturbance in pigeons References Centanni E. The ‘Enteral’ Vitamin I-B7....
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Vitamin H3

Scientific name: Novocaine (procaine hydrochloride) Alternative names: Gerovital Substance/source: Not a vitamin Physiological role: Promoted without evidence as alleviating aging References Anonymous, 1999, "Procaine’ Vitamin H3," Lufkin, TX: Ultimate9; [Web...
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Vitamin H

Scientific name: Obsolete term for biotin Active form: 1′-N-Carboxybiotin Physical properties: It is water soluble, non-fluorescent, colourless crystalline vitamin. The molecular weight of d-Biotin is 244.3. Substance/source: -...
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Vitamin G

Scientific name: Obsolete term for riboflavin Physiological role: Coenzyme in oxidation and reduction reactions; prosthetic group of flavoproteins References Sherman H, Axtmayer J. A quantitative study of the...
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Vitamin F

Scientific name: Essential fatty acids (not vitamins) Once used for thiamin Substance/source: Linoleic, linolenic, arachidonic acids Physiological role: Structural elements of cell membranes; eicosanoid precursors References Evans H, Lepkovsky...
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Vitamin E

Scientific name: Tocopherols Active form: α-Tocopherol Physical properties: The molecular weight of α-Tocopherol, β-Tocopherol, γ-Tocopherol, δ-Tocopherol, α-Tocopheryl acetate, α-Tocopheryl succinate, α-Tocotrienol, β-Tocotrienol, γ-Tocotrienol and δ-Tocotrienol is 430.7,...
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Vitamin D3

Scientific name: Cholecalciferol Substance/source: Derived from UV irradiation of 7-dehydrocholesterol Physiological role: Maintenance of calcium balance; regulation of gene expression References Windaus A, Schenck F, Werder F. Uber das...
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Vitamin D2

Scientific name: Ergocalciferol Substance/source: A vitamin D active substance derived from irradiation of ergosterol Physiological role: Maintenance of calcium balance; regulation of gene expression References Windaus A, Linsert O,...
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Vitamin D

Scientific name: Calciferols Active form: 1,25-(OH)2-D Physical properties: The molecular weights of Vitamin D2, Vitamin D3, 25(OH) vitamin D3, 1α,25(OH)2 and vitamin D3 are 396.7, 384.6, 400.7...
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Vitamin C2

Scientific name: Bioflavonoids Alternative names: Vitamin P, Vitamin J Physiological role: A postulated antipneumonia factor References Cotereau H, Gabe M, Gero E et al. Influence of vitamin P (vitamin...
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Vitamin C

Scientific name: Ascorbic acid Active form: Ascorbic acid, Dehydroascorbic acid Alternative names: Hexuronic acid, Cevitamic acid Physical properties: It is non-fluorescent. It is water soluble, crystalline in nature...
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Vitamin Bx

Scientific name: Obsolete name of PABA; also used at one time for pantothenic acid Physiological role: A hair growth factor in foxes References Lunde G, Kringstad H. Bedarf...
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Vitamin Bv

Substance/source: Said to be ‘a type of B6 other than pyridoxine’ References Williams P., 2015, “The missing vitamin alphabet,” Nutrition & Dietetics [Web Reference]...
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Vitamin Bw

Scientific name: Probably biotin Substance/source: - A growth factor References Williams P., 2015, “The missing vitamin alphabet,” Nutrition & Dietetics [Web Reference]...
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Vitamin BT

Scientific name: Carnitine Physiological role: Growth factor for insects. Plays a role in fat and energy metabolism in the body and is useful for people with...
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Vitamin Bp

Scientific name: Choline Physiological role: Prevents perosis in chickens. Constituent of phospholipids Hypovitaminosis: Liver Cirrhosis in rat, dog, monkey; Renal haemorrhagic necrosis in rat, mouse, pig, rabbit,...
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Vitamin Bm

Scientific name: Myo-inositol Alternative names: Mouse antialopecia factor Physiological role: Constituent of phospholipids References 49 Evans H, Lepkovsky S, Murphy E. Vital need of the body for certain unsaturated...
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