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Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disorders - Nutrition

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The nutrition or diet is a major modifiable risk factor in the prevention and reduction of cardiac diseases. The diet should be a blend of proper nutrients which should be low in fat particularly the saturated fatty acids and high polyunsaturated fatty acids, sufficient amounts of green vegetables and fruits.

Diet rich in saturated fatty acids: The saturated fatty acids in diet increase the evidence of coronary heart diseases (Mozaffarian et. al., 2010). Replacing saturated fatty acids with polyunsaturated fatty acids in diet have reduced risk of Coronary Heart Disease (Bhupathiraju et. al., 2011 and Astrup et. al., 2011).

Vitamin D deficiency: Diet severely deficient with Vitamin D (Anderson et. al., 2010) increases the prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia and peripheral vascular diseases. There has been a surging interest in the protective effects of vitamin D in primary prevention (Bhupathiraju et. al., 2011) and its associations with secondary events have been mixed and intervention studies are needed to clarify its role in coronary heart disease prevention. Vitamin D deficiency also highly related with myocardial infarction, heart failure, and stroke, as well as with incident death, heart failure, coronary artery disease/myocardial infarction, stroke, and their composite.

Other Vitamins: The consumption of a healthy diet containing B vitamins and antioxidants such as carotenoids, vitamin E, and vitamin C has considerable cardio-protective effects for primary prevention. The most cardio-protective associations have been seen with fruits and vegetables, fish and whole grains (Bhupathiraju et. al., 2011). The epidemiological and clinical trials also show the reduced risk with moderate alcohol consumption.

Imbalanced Diet: The diet what we are taking, it is not properly balanced, and then there will be increased possibility of not only cardiovascular diseases but also the other disease. The balanced diet is composed of proper amounts of oils, fruits, nuts, vegetables and cereals. Such types of diets will be good source of energy, minerals and vitamins. A such type of diet is known as ‘traditional Mediterranean diet’ which is characterized by abundant plant foods (fruits, vegetables, cereals, potatoes, beans, nuts and seeds), fresh fruit as the typical daily dessert, olive oil as the principle source of fat, dairy products (principally cheese and yogurt), fish and poultry consumed in low to moderate amounts, zero to four eggs consumed weekly, red meat consumed in low amounts, wine in low to moderate amounts normally with meals (Willet et. al., 1995).

Over-eating: The persons having lean and thin body, taking the meals once in 24 hours to fulfill the nutritionally requirements, due to any other reasons, are also inclined to coronary artery disease.

Irregular eating habits: Irregular eating habits are also prone to develop the cardiac disorders.

Unhealthy diet: The person taking unhealthy diet have increased blood pressure, blood glucose and blood lipids, all these increases the cardiovascular diseases.

Cardiovascular Disorders - Index

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