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Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disorders - Stressful life

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Stress refers to disruptions in life (e.g. discrete events e.g. divorce) and chronic strains (like ongoing conflicts in relationships) that challenge coping capabilities of an individual. Stress is a central dimension of the negative side of social obligations (Cohen et. al., 2004 and Pearlin et. al., 2005). Relationships in terms of support or please others, are often stressful (Repetti et. al., 2002 and Walen and Lachman, 2000). Importantly stress contributes to poor health habits in children, adolescents and adults (Kassel et. al., 2003). The stress may result in network members to withdraw while they are coping with an overwhelming situation.

All we are tied for social connection and these social ties keep us away from distress and hence body in good health. Therefore, social ties seem to be a biological imperative. These social ties influence our health through health behavior which goes across throughout the course of life (Umberson et. al., 2010).

Psychology of Stress: Psychology of stress and health behaviours plays an important role in the development of cardiovascular and other disorders e.g. diabetes. Feeling of stress can adversely affect the practice of health behaviours (Ng and Jeffery, 2003) while behaviours such as exercise can have beneficial impacts on feelings of stress (Rejeski et. al., 1992). In this way, the psychological and behavioural thought may have reciprocal influence on social processes e.g. psychological distress may affect perceptions of support and contribute to negative social interactions (Alferi et. al., 2001).

Chronic work stressful life: Over time, excessive energy demands on the system can lead to premature aging and diseases (Thayer et. al., 2010). It causes autonomic imbalances leading to increased morbidity and mortality in a host of conditions and diseases, including cardiovascular disorders. Heart rate variability may be used to assess autonomic imbalances, diseases and mortality.

Anxiety and Depression: Anxiety and depression are psychological processes which are dealt with appraisals, emotions or moods. Depression adversely affects the health in cardiac patients. The recovery can be fastened in depressed patients with cognitive behavioural therapy (Uchino, 2006).

Cardiovascular Disorders - Index

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