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Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disorders - Lifestyle

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 The lifestyle plays an important role in the development of metabolic disorders e.g. diabetes and particularly the cardiovascular disorders.

Physical inactivity: Physical activity decreases the risk of developing coronary heart disease. Therefore, it will not be worthless that “some physical activity is better than none” and “additional benefits occur with more physical activity” (Sattelmair et. al., 2011). However, how much activity is need? What level of risk reduction is associated with specified levels of activity? does the risk continue to decrease at higher levels of activity,” is less clear (Sattelmair et. al., 2010). Any type of physical inactivity including chronic work stress leads to physical inactivity which may lead to coronary heart disease. A 30 to 45 minutes daily activity is necessary to avoid the possibility of cardiac disease (coronary heart disease).

Heavy Alcoholism: Fatty liver disease (in alcoholics and non-alcoholics) with the metabolic syndrome has important role in the development and progression of cardiovascular disease (Targher et. al., 2010).

Smoking: The smoking which is started as curiosity in early days of life plays a crucial role in the development of cardiovascular and respiratory disorders. The current smoking (Fryar et. al., 2012) is one of the risk factor along with uncontrolled high blood pressure, high blood pressure, uncontrolled high levels of low-density lipoproteins cholesterol.

Smoking plays an adverse ‘negative affect’ in smokers. Smokers smoke more when they are stressed, angry, anxious, or sad and they hold the expectation that smoking will alleviate these negative moods. Negative affect relief from smoking depends on the source of negative affects (mood induction process) and the affect measures. In fact, the smokers also believe that smoking does not help to reduce the ‘negative affects’ and after developing this habit, they continue to smoke although they also want to quit this but could not succeed. Smoking effects on positive affect and withdrawals are similar to effect on negative affect but relief of craving depends on less on negative affect source. Smoking reinforcement only partly matched the pattern of negative affect relief. Some responses differed between the nicotine and de-nicotine smoking individuals.

Nicotine is the compound most likely responsible for many of the psychological and behavioral effects of smoking, including smoking’s impact on stress. Nonetheless, one must be careful not to judge that nicotine is solely responsible for stress reduction or any other effects. Smoking-related sensory cues influence regulation of smoke intake and psychological stress independently of nicotine. When trying to understand the associations between smoking and emotion, it is critical to differentiate smoking and all that it entails (sensory cues, behavioral actions, administration of numerous chemical compounds) from pure nicotine effects (Kassel et. al., 2003).

However, a good home/work management plays an important role in the quitting of smoking and hence reduces the chances of cardiovascular diseases.

Hypertension: - Hypertension is the elevated systolic blood pressure and it increases as the age advances. Hypertension along with uncontrolled high levels of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) cholesterol or current smoking (Fryar et. al., 2012) increases the possibilities of cardiac disorders.

Cardiovascular Disorders - Index

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