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The Mountains; Formation of Mountains; Types of Mountains; Location of Mountains; Growing Mountains; The Mountain Range and System; Highest and Tallest Mountain; Over 8000 Meters Tall; The Highest Mountains On Each Continent; Erosion Over Mountains; Mountaineering; Weather Conditions and Life On Mountains; Role Of Mountains In Social Life


Travelling in mountains or climbing up them can be dangerous. Mountain weather can change suddenly. It can be very warm or cold and the wind can whip up huge storms. Ice preserved the body of a man who died five thousand years ago in the Italian Alps.

The body of Otzi, the Iceman can tell us something about how, ancient people tried to live in dangerous climates. Otzi wore leather boots, a jacket and fur leggings. He carried an axe.

Today, some people climb tall mountains for fun. They use ropes and special tools to inch their way up steep cliffs. Mountain climbing can be dangerous. Climbers must learn safety rules and use helmets and other safety gear.

Weather is not the only danger on a mountain. Higher up, the air becomes thinner. It becomes harder and harder for people to breathe and to get enough oxygen. Despite the dangers, mountain climbers (right) have tried again and again to tackle the world's highest peaks.

In 1786, two mountain climbers reached the top of Mont Blanc, the highest mountain in the Alps. Many people have tried to climb to the top of the mighty Mount Everest. All of these attempts ended in failure until 1953. On May 29, 1953, Edmund Hillary, a climber from New Zealand, and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa from Nepal, reached the top of Everest. Hillary and Norgay were on the summit for only fifteen minutes. Worried about the lack of oxygen, they took some photographs and climbed right back down.

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