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The Mountains

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The Mountains; Formation of Mountains; Types of Mountains; Location of Mountains; Growing Mountains; The Mountain Range and System; Highest and Tallest Mountain; Over 8000 Meters Tall; The Highest Mountains On Each Continent; Erosion Over Mountains; Mountaineering; Weather Conditions and Life On Mountains; Role Of Mountains In Social Life


Mountains cover one-fifth of the earth’s land surface, and occur in 75% of the world’s countries. Some of the highest mountains are at the bottom of the sea. Hawaii is at the top of a volcanic mountain in the Pacific Ocean. More than half the mountain is below water.

Earthquakes occur when two plates pushing past each other cause a fracture in the Earth’s crust.

The Mountain a place on Earth which is ‘higher and steeper than a hill’.
A mountain is a land transformation that raises high above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. They are made from rocks and earth. Generally, mountains are higher than 600 metres. Those less than 600 metres are called ‘hills’ e.g. Shiwalik hills of Himalayas in North India.

A mountain may stand alone, or it may be part of a long chain of mountains that stretches over thousands of miles. Mountains usually have steep, sloping sides and sharp or slightly rounded ridges and peaks. Mountains can be rocky and barren. Some have trees growing on their sides and very high mountains have snow on their peaks. Mountains exist on every continent and even beneath our great oceans.
Some common features of mountains include the following:

Summit or the top of a mountain;

Slope or side of the mountain; and

A very steep valley between young mountains, known as a gorge

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