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Chittaranjan Das

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Abha, 10+2 (Med), Wisdom World School, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India - 136118

Nationality: British Indian

Known to be: Leader, Nationalist

Born: November 5, 1870, Bengal

Died: June 16, 1925 in Darjeeling

‘Deshbandhu’ Chittaranjan Das was a pole star like figure of the Indian National Movement as he himself not only gave a new vogour and strength to the Indian freedom movement, but also gave inspiration and guidance to the next generation of Indian youth to fight for their country. He was born on November 5, 1870 in an upper middle class Vaidya family of Bengal. His father Bhuban Mohan Das was a reputed solicitor of the Calcutta High Court. After completing his early education, Chittaranjan Das graduated from Presidency College, Calcutta in 1890. After an unsuccessful attempt in the Indian Civil Services examination in England, he joined the Inner Temple and was called to the Bar in 1894. He started practicing law in the Calcautta High Court after his return from England. His career as lawyer took a successful turn when he successfully defended noted nationalist leader Aurobindo Gjose from the Alipore bomb case in 1909. He was also the defense counsel in the Dacca conspiracy case in 1910-11. His political ideas were deeply inspired by Bankim Chandra. Though he remained politically active for a short period of eight years from 1917-1925, he gave a new vigour and strength to the movement. He joined hands with Mahatma Gandhi in the Non-cooperation Movement. After sudden withdrawal of the Non-cooperation Movement, Chattaranjan Das, along with Moti Lal Nehru, Ajmal Khan, V.J. Patel and N.C. Kelkar formed the Swaraj Party with programme of ‘Council Entry’. The Swaraj Party leaders including Chittaranjan Das hoped to wreck the functioning of Legislative Councils under 1909 Act by a policy of Uniform, continuous and consistent obstruction. In the elections of 1923, the Swarajist secured absolute majority in Bengal and the Central Provinces. The Swaraj Party was initially known as the Congress-Swaraj-Khilafat Party. The Swaraj Party lost its shine after a few years and especially after death of Chittaranjan Das on June 16, 1925 in Darjeeling.

Chittaranjan Das was elected President of the ‘Indian National Congress’ Gaya session in 1922. But he resigned as the Indian National Congress President when his motion of Council Entry Programme failed in the session. He then formed a new party ‘Swaraj Party’.

Chittaranjan Das earned the name – Deshbandhu (friend of the country) during his selfless and devoted life for his country. He also elected the Mayor of Calcutta. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose regarded Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das as his political guru.


Bilal D., 2017, “PROMINENT HISTORICAL PERSONALITIES OF INDIA,” Pratiyogita Darpan English; June 2017: 117.

Kalpana Rajaram, 2015, “Personalities Associated with the National Movement,” Spectrum’s Handbook for General Studies Paper – I; Spectrum Books (P) Ltd., New Delhi; p. 36-40.

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